Official Records

Corps of Engineers, Record Group 77
Quartermaster General, Record Group 92
Adjutant General, Record Group 94
Attorney General, Record Group 123
Deck Log of U.S.S. Norwich

The Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate
Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 189 1-1895.
Reprint, New York: Fairfax Press, 1983.

Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880-

The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the
Union and Confederate Armies.
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government
Printing Office, 1880-1901
Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, Francis

B. Heitman, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Public' Archives of Canada, Bethune Papers

Register of British Shipping,: Inland Waters, Toronto, 1854

Books and Articles

Asbury, Ai Edgar. My Experience in the War, 186 1-1865. Kansas City, Missouri: Berkowitz & Co., 1894.

_______ "The Capture of The Maple Leaf." Confederate Veteran 6 (November, 1898).

Baskerville, Peter. "Donald Bethune," Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Toronto, 1976.

______ "Donald Bethune's Steamboat Business." Ontario Histoy, v 67, 1975.

Bell, Malcolm, Jr. Major Butler's Legacy. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1987.

Legg, James B. and Stephen D. Smith. "The Best Ever Occupied
Archaeological Investigations of a Civil War Encampment on Folly

Island, South Carolina. Research Manuscript Series 209, South

Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1989.

Lewis, Walter. "Steamboat Promotion and Changing Technology: The Careers of James Sutherland and the MAGNET." Ontario History v 77, 1985.

Martin, Richard A. The City Makers. Jacksonville, Florida: Convention Press, 1972.

Ontario and St. Lawrence Steamboat Company, The Great Northern Route. Buffalo, 1852.

Parker, Bruce A. "The Niagara Harbour and Dock Company." Ontario History, v 72, 1980.

Phisterer, Frederick. New York in the War of the Rebellion. Albany, New York: J.B. Lyon & Co., 1912.

Ratigan, William. Great Lakes Shipwrecks and Survivals. Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1977.

Robertson, I. Ross. Landmarks of Toronto v 2, Toronto, 1896.

______ Landmarks of Canada, What Art Has Done for Canadian History. Toronto, 1917.

Rochester City Directory, 1857.

Rochester Maritime Institute. Lake Ontario Abstract; YL 1849 A.

Ryberg, D.K. Collection of Letters and Documents. Westfield, New York.

Schmidt, Lewis G. The Civil War in Florida, Vol. 1, Florida's East Coast. Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1991.

Smith, Linda D. Gare L'Egare. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1987.

Steamship Historical Society of America, Merchant Steam Vessels of the United States 1790-1868. Staten Island, New York, 1975.

VanCleve, James. "Reminiscences of Early Sailing Vessels and Steamboats on Lake Ontario." Manuscript in City Hall, Oswego, New York.

Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1959.

_______ Generals in Blue: Lives of Union Commanders. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1964.

Young, Anna G. Great Lakes Saga. Owen Sound, Ontario, 1965


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Wolf, John
B. Confederate Veteran 6 (August, 1893)